– Russian President Dmitry Medvedev ordered a halt to military operations in Georgia on Tuesday after five days of fighting.
Georgia entered a conflict with Russia last week after launching an offensive to retake the pro-Russian region of South Ossetia, which broke away from Georgian rule. The issue of South Ossetia’s independence has bedevilled Georgia’s relations with Russia. Here is a chronology of recent events:
April 3, 2008 – NATO member states at a summit in Bucharest agree that Georgia and Ukraine can one day join the alliance. They stop short of giving them a firm timetable for accession.
April 16 – Russian President Vladimir Putin orders officials to establish semi-official ties with separatist administrations in Georgia’s Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Georgia says the order is a violation of international law.
April 20 – Georgia says a Russian Mig-29 fighter jet shot down a Georgian drone flying over Abkhazia. Russia denies involvement. A United Nations report later backs the Georgian version of events.
April 29 – Russia sends extra troops to Abkhazia to counter what it says are Georgian plans for an attack. The next day NATO accuses Moscow of stoking tensions with Georgia.
May 4 – Separatists in Abkhazia say they shot down two Georgian spy drones over the territory they control. Georgia denies any such flights.
May 6 – Georgia says Russia’s deployment of extra troops in Abkhazia has brought the prospect of war “very close”.
May 30 – Georgia says it stopped flights by unpiloted spy planes over Abkhazia but reserves the right to resume them.
May 31 – Putin, now prime minister, says he backs a Georgian proposal for Abkhazia’s autonomy but not full independence.
July 5 – Russian President Dmitry Medvedev urges Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili to refrain from “stoking tensions” in Georgia’s breakaway regions.
July 8 – Russian fighter jets fly into Georgian airspace over South Ossetia. Moscow says the mission was intended to “cool hot heads in Tbilisi”. Two days later Georgia recalls its ambassador from Moscow in protest.
Aug. 4 – Russia accuses Georgia of using excessive force in South Ossetia after the Russian-backed rebels said Georgian artillery had killed at least six people.
Aug. 7 – Georgian troops attack South Ossetian capital after a truce with rebels breaks down, Russia says Tbilisi cannot be trusted and NATO should reconsider its plans to admit Georgia.
Aug. 8 – Russia sends forces into Georgia to repel the Georgian assault. Medvedev vows to defend Russian “compatriots”.
— Saakashvili says the two countries are at war.
Aug. 11 – Russia issues an ultimatum to Georgian forces near Abkhazia to disarm or be attacked. Georgia rejects the demand. Saakashvili says Russia wants to replace his government and control energy routes through the Caucasus. Russia rejects a Georgian ceasefire proposal.
Aug. 12 – Medvedev issues orders to stop fighting in the five-day war in Georgia. Medvedev is quoted as saying that the aggressor has been punished and sustained very serious losses. Russia says its troops will remain in current positions in Georgia. Georgia says it needs more evidence of a Russian halt to operations and will remain prepared for everything.
Aug 12 (Reuters)
Why? Apparently Russia is upset about South Ossetia gaining independence from them. Whats awkward about it is that South Ossetia is within Georgia borders but was under Pro-Russian Government rule.
This is disturbing to me and it upsets me very much. The Russian president ordered his troops to stop attacking Georgia but not leave altogether but now Georgia is dismissing those claims saying that they are still being attacked just hours after the president spoke!
Georgia is an American Ally and everyone is saying that Russia’s actions “will be a turning point” with how the US interacts with Russia. This will have a lasting effect on even our country. This is irritating.
OK i’m sorry. I’m done.